четверг, 31 января 2013 г.

Sergei Kan. Lev Shternberg: Anthropologist, Russian Socialist, Jewish Activist. Nebraska UP, 2013

Sergei Kan. Lev Shternberg: Anthropologist, Russian Socialist, Jewish Activist. Nebraska UP, 2013.

This intellectual biography of Lev Shternberg (1861–1927) illuminates the development of professional anthropology in late imperial and early Soviet Russia. Shortly after the formation of the Soviet Union the government initiated a detailed ethnographic survey of the country’s peoples. Lev Shternberg, who as a political exile during the late tsarist period had conducted ethnographic research in northeastern Siberia, was one of the anthropologists who directed this survey and consequently played a major role in influencing the professionalization of anthropology in the Soviet Union.

But Shternberg was much more than a government anthropologist. Under the new regime he continued his work as the senior curator of the St. Petersburg Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography, which began in the early 1900s. In the last decade of his life Shternberg also played a leading role in establishing a new Soviet school of cultural anthropology and in training a cohort of professional anthropologists. True to the ideals of his youth, he also continued an active involvement in the intellectual life of the Jewish community, even though the new regime was making it increasingly difficult.

This in-depth biography explores the scholarly and political aspects of Shternberg’s life and how they influenced each other. It also places his career in both national and international perspectives, showing the context in which he lived and worked and revealing the important developments in Russian anthropology during these tumultuous years.

List of Illustrations x
Series Editors’ Introduction xi
Acknowledgments xiii
Introduction xv
1. The Early Years 1
2. Sakhalin 25
3. Beginning a Professional Career in the Capital 112
4. Scholarship and Activism during the 1905 Revolution 144
5. The Last Decade before the Storm 161
6. The Years of Turmoil, 1914–17 224
7. Building a New Anthropology in the “City of the Living Dead” 267
8. The nep Era and the Last Years of Shternberg’s Life 293
9. All Humanity Is One 392
Conclusion 439
Notes 447
References 489
Index 521

Sergei Kan is a professor of anthropology and Native American studies at Dartmouth College. He is the author and editor of several books, including Memory Eternal: Tlingit Culture and Russian Orthodox Christianity through Two Centuries and Perspectives on Native North America: Cultures, Histories, and Representations (Nebraska 2006).

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