суббота, 22 июня 2013 г.

Marina Mogilner. Homo Imperii: A History of Physical Anthropology in Russia. University of Nebraska Press Lincoln & London, 2013

Marina Mogilner. Homo Imperii:  A History of Physical Anthropology in Russia. University of Nebraska Press Lincoln & London, 2013

Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology  series editors  Regna Darnell Stephen O. Murray


It is widely assumed that the “nonclassical” nature of the Russian empire and its equally “nonclassical” modernity made Russian intellectuals immune to the racial obsessions of Western Europe and the United States. Homo Imperii corrects this perception by offering the first scholarly history of racial science in prerevolutionary Russia and the early Soviet Union. Marina Mogilner places this story in the context of imperial self-modernization, political and cultural debates of the epoch, different reformist and revolutionary trends, and the growing challenge of modern nationalism. By focusing on the competing centers of race science in different cities and regions of the empire, Homo Imperii introduces to English-language scholars the institutional nexus of racial science in Russia that exhibits the influence of imperial strategic relativism.

Reminiscent of the work of anthropologists of empire such as Ann Stoler and Benedict Anderson, Homo Imperii reveals the complex imperial dynamics of Russian physical anthropology and contributes an important comparative perspective from which to understand the emergence of racial science in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Europe and America.

List of Illustrations iii
Acknowledgments ix
Series Editors’ Introduction xiii

Introduction: The Science of Imperial Modernity 1

Part 1. Paradoxes of Institutionalization

1. Academic Genealogy and Social Contexts of  the “Atypical Science” 17
2. Anthropology as a “Regular Science”: Kafedra 34
3. Anthropology as a Network Science: Society 54

Part 2. The Liberal Anthropology of Imperial  Diversity: Apolitical Politics

4. Aleksei Ivanovskii’s Anthropological Classification  of the Family of “Racial Relatives” 101
5. “Russians” in the Language of Liberal Anthropology 121
6. Dmitrii Anuchin’s Liberal Anthropology 133

Part 3. Anthropology of Russian Imperial Nationalism

7. Ivan Sikorsky and His “Imperial Situation” 167
8. Academic Racism and “Russian National Science” 185

Part 4. Anthropology of Russian Multinationalism

9. The Space between “Empire” and “Nation” 201
10. “Jewish Physiognomy,” the “Jewish Question,” and Russian Race Science between Inclusion and Exclusion 217
11. A “Dysfunctional” Colonial Anthropology  of Imperial Brains 251

Part 5. Russian Military Anthropology: From  Army-as-Empire to Army-as-Nation

12. Military Mobilization of Diversity Studies 269
13. The Imperial Army through National Lenses 279
14. Nation Instead of Empire 286

Part 6. Race and Social Imagination
15. The Discovery of Population Politics and Sociobiological Discourses in Russia 297
16. Meticization as Modernization, or the Sociobiological  Utopias of Ivan Ivanovich Pantiukhov 310
17. The Criminal Anthropology of Imperial Society 328

Conclusion: Did Russian Physical Anthropology  Become Soviet? 347
Notes 375
Index 473

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